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Residual Techniques in Real Estate Valuation

Residual techniques in commercial real estate valuation are sometimes used to value a property, but these residual techniques are also often misunderstood. The income capitalization approach to valuation utilizes a cap rate that represents the value created by all of the real property. It incorporates the capitalization of income from both the underlying land and …

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The Sales Comparison Approach to Real Estate Valuation

The sales comparison approach is a popular and common valuation methodology for real estate. Yet, there are many nuances to the sales comparison approach for commercial real estate that are misunderstood. The sales comparison approach can be particularly helpful when a property does not generate lease income, or that information is not available. In this …

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The Income Approach to Real Estate Valuation

The income approach is one of three techniques commercial real estate appraisers use to value real estate. Compared to the other two techniques (the sales comparison approach and the cost approach), the income approach is more complicated and therefore it is often confusing for many commercial real estate professionals. In this article, we’ll walk through …

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The Cost Approach to Real Estate Valuation

Appraisers use three different methods to estimate the value of a property. The income approach considers the value as the present value of future expected cash flows generated by the property. It is most accurate when valuing commercial properties with rental income in active markets. The sales comparison method relates the estimated value of the …

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How To Determine The Highest and Best Use of a Property

The concept of highest and best use is one of the fundamental principles that underlie real estate appraisal. Highest and best use requires that the appraisal considers not just the current use of the property but also the potential value associated with alternative uses. The Appraisal Institute has four tests that appraisers can use in …

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How to Calculate the Cap Rate

The cap rate is an important concept in commercial real estate and it is widely used. There is often confusion about how to calculate the cap rate using various methods. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate several ways to calculate the cap rate. How to Calculate the Cap Rate Ratio Perhaps the simplest …

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Understanding Present Value Formulas

It’s important to understand the math behind present value calculations because it helps you see what’s actually happening inside a calculator or spreadsheet. And once you understand the math, the calculations become much more intuitive. Yet, many people struggle with understanding present value formulas and calculations. In this post we’ll take a deep dive into …

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How Receivership Works in Commercial Real Estate

While no one is happy when a foreclosure occurs, it does allow a lender to recoup funds it may lose when a borrower defaults. Unfortunately, because the foreclosure process takes time, and the borrower stays in control of the property and its income stream during that time, foreclosure also poses significant risks to the lender. …

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How Market Leasing Assumptions Work in Commercial Real Estate

Market leasing assumptions define what happens after a tenant lease expires in a commercial property. Since it’s unknown whether the tenant will renew its lease or not, there are two sets of assumptions. One set of assumptions is used if a new tenant needs to be found. The second set of assumptions is used if …

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The ABC’s of the Short Sale Process

A borrower facing foreclosure is in a bad spot. Loss of their property, litigation costs, damage to their reputation because of the lawsuit, and damage to their ability to borrow money in the future. A lender facing foreclosure is in a bad spot too. The risk that a foreclosure sale won’t bring enough proceeds to …

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